Drama is a literary term that comes from the Greek word for activity. Drama, according to one definition, is “an action performed on stage alongside characters in front of an audience.” Its origins are rooted in Greek religion and involve behaving in front of God to please him. They primarily produced comedies and tragedies. The origins of English literature are also connected to ecclesiastical drama, including liturgical plays, mystery plays, miracle plays, morality plays, comedies, tragedies, and contemporary plays. It is split into long plays and short plays in the modern period.
The following are the most crucial dramatic components:
Without it, the drama cannot be performed because it is the most crucial component. It is the title of the location where the drama is set. It has several doors for entry and exit and is designed like a bow. The characters enter through one door, play out their parts, and then leave through other doors. Generally speaking, there are two stages: one is for the characters, and the other is for the audience, but the audience stage is distinct. Drama is watched by an audience, who praises the actors. There are two viewers for the acting. One is fully in motion, while the other is fully reacting, rolling many concepts through the audience’s heads with words, gestures, and sensations.
The contract of events is what it is. Without any plot lines, the author generates the ideas from which he creates the novel. Therefore, the plot is a collection of events or deeds that give rise to a narrative. The dramatist separates the action into three distinct sections: exposition, the middle section, or body, and the conclusion.
I. The drama’s first act or exposition contains the introduction or exposition. There, the audience is given an introduction to each character as well as the drama’s central problem. The relationships and motion of the drama are simply understood by the spectator. He finds it quite helpful to convey to the performers both good and negative thoughts in accordance with categories. The primary issue is introduced and developed as the drama’s action begins.
ii. Middle or Body: Conflicts in this area involve rising and falling acts. In this section of the play, the protagonist and antagonist square off and express their thoughts or plots, whether they are good or bad. The spectator becomes accustomed to the internal and exterior conflict of the main characters in it. In contrast to the exterior conflict, which is between the hero and the villain, the internal struggle is between the hero and his conscience. Both engage in combat or attempt to subdue the other. Their struggle has reached its zenith and must now descend to its conclusion. It implies that while all conflicts and issues are brought to the forefront for resolution, they are not actually resolved.
iii. Denouement: This is the point at which issues are resolved or catharsis occurs. Shakespeare demonstrates the idea that good deeds are rewarded and bad deeds are punished. All acts are falling to pieces at this point. The tension between the characters and the audience is lifted after the tensions in this scene have been handled. They all return to the level before.
Characters advance the story. Dramatists use a wide range of characters, including heroes, heroines, villains, and their entourages. The main characters, however, continue to be the main emphasis as the hero, heroin, villain, etc. A solid cast of characters is discovered, acting to elicit emotions from the spectator. The hero gains assistance or labour from actors’ or all characters’ struggles. The other minor or significant characters help the hero achieve his goal by helping him take on dangerous or daring tasks. The hero is able to purge evil from society in this way.
Each character puts in a lot of effort. They do, in fact, adhere very closely to their vocations. As an illustration:. Hero is devoted to heroism, villain to villainy, and slaves and attendants to their occupations. Sincerity, devotion, or faithfulness are what make their work stand out as genuine. Characters’ reality prevails in the play in this way. Drama is thus said to as a reflection of society.
The dialogue in the story is spoken by the characters and is written down. The dramatist keeps conversation brief and straightforward so that the characters may simply utter it in a single breath. The dramatist uses an attractive spirit. The audience can feel the emotions in these talks, therefore when characters are happy or sad, it is assumed that the audience will also feel those emotions. By letting out their tears, the audience will occasionally laugh and other times cry.
It is a natural and instinctive force to talk to oneself. It happens when a person is in a problem, under the terrible control of dejection, or has an imbalanced psyche that is desperately seeking catharsis. Different ideas flow wildly and spontaneously during such a conflict. When he speaks like this, he becomes unaware of his surroundings because he assumes that he is talking to himself and that everything is private to him, but this is not the case. He believes the opposite of the truth because he is telling everyone. So, soliloquy is a psychological analysis of man and aids in understanding one’s inner thoughts. Dramatists use it as a means of revealing to the audience a character’s innermost thoughts or future plans. Simply exposing a character’s mental tendencies or their ethical limits is all that is necessary to pique readers’ or an audience’s interest.
- Audience: Drama is not written to be displayed on a shelf; rather, it is performed for an audience. Drama and the audience are inextricably linked. Indeed, it is the viewers that cheer for the characters and win over new followers. The audience is the one who notices similarities in sentiments and emotions. The public is the one who learns about wicked activities and campaigns to free society.
Drama undoubtedly provides audiences with both enjoyment and education. The dramatist selects a theme and performers who best portray that society to the audience. The dramatist makes the audience aware of any negative activities that the society may be headed towards by portraying them. Drama is a refined way to improve the behaviour and character of the audience because they are forced to wage war on them and ultimately prevail. Because of this, both the characters and the audience are crucial.
- Subject: As was previously mentioned, men of letters, as members of society, portray both the good and terrible activities of that community. They are the real crusaders and the educated leaders who are attempting to guide society towards a just cause. Inform the community whenever they smell rats. The dramatist choose both good and terrible actions, acts in front of the audience with tremendous spirit, and moves them to respond. The good deeds are conducted in a charming and welcoming way so that the audience must welcome it, whereas the bad deeds are executed in a bitter manner. Therefore, society is a never-ending repository of concepts or ideas.
- The Supernatural Element: Historically, it was employed in comedies and tragedies, but it has recently gained greater traction and is now a major source of amusement in both Asian and European dramas. A ghost, witch, wizard, storm, strange object, or other powerful entity is introduced by the dramatist. The audience is more interested in seeing them. They are significant and boost a hero’s bravery. In the event that the protagonist is unable to discover the truth, the dramatist may include a ghost, a storm that carries a sign from his beloved, or any other event that prompts him to resume his quest and resolve the pressing issue.
However, there are also warning indicators that the hero may turn into an adventurer in his quest to save his community by taking on such powerful or easily unmanageable elements. The drama doesn’t let up on the gore and exhorts the audience to resist and fight so that the Creator will reward you for your victory.
- Costumes: They are also acknowledged as a crucial component of theatre; the play is never presented without them because they represent the culture of the audience. The attire of the characters is appropriate for the conversations, activities, and setting. If there is a joker, he must wear joker attire; if the character is a villain or playing another role, he must don that outfit and any other necessary accessories. Because they seem to represent the audience’s emblem, it has a big impression on the audience. When such acts are performed, the crowd dons them.
- Language: The language should be straightforward and melodious, evidencing the characters’ customs. The playwright creates conversation based on the locals and their level of perception in order to get his main point over to the audience. Only short, uncomplicated lines that use simile, metaphor, satire, irony, and alliteration are acceptable in our society. Because of this, language is chosen while taking into account societal thinking. For more detail, please click here doramasflix